Book Appt. Call Now
  • Find a doctor
  • Send a query
  • Book an Appointment
  • Second Opinion

Send a Query

Book an Appointment

Ask for a Second Opinion

Home >> Specialities >> Cardiology >> Carotid Artery Disease

Carotid Artery Disease

Carotid Artery Disease: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Carotid Artery Disease (CAD) is a common vascular condition that affects the carotid arteries, which are responsible for supplying oxygen-rich blood to the brain. At Sanar Hospital, we prioritize patient education and awareness about CAD to promote early detection and effective treatment. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for Carotid Artery Disease.
Causes of Carotid Artery Disease
Carotid Artery Disease typically results from atherosclerosis, a process in which fatty deposits, cholesterol, and other substances accumulate in the carotid arteries, leading to the narrowing or blockage of these vital blood vessels. Key causes and risk factors include:

  • Atherosclerosis: The primary factor behind CAD, atherosclerosis occurs when plaque builds up within the carotid arteries over time.
  • High Blood Pressure: Uncontrolled hypertension can damage the inner lining of the arteries, making them more susceptible to plaque buildup.
  • High Cholesterol: Elevated levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol can contribute to plaque formation.
  • Smoking: Tobacco use accelerates the progression of atherosclerosis and increases the risk of CAD.
  • Diabetes: Individuals with diabetes are at higher risk due to blood vessel damage and increased likelihood of atherosclerosis.
  • Family History: A family history of CAD may predispose individuals to the condition.

Symptoms of Carotid Artery Disease
CAD often progresses without noticeable symptoms, leading to the term "silent CAD." However, when symptoms do occur, they may include:

  • Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs): These are often referred to as "mini-strokes" and may cause temporary symptoms such as weakness, numbness, or slurred speech.
  • Stroke: If a significant blockage or clot occurs in the carotid arteries, it can result in a stroke, which may cause sudden weakness, paralysis, confusion, trouble speaking, or vision problems.
  • Dizziness: Some individuals with CAD may experience unexplained dizziness or imbalance.
  • Trouble Speaking or Understanding: Speech difficulties may occur, such as slurred speech or difficulty understanding language.
  • Vision Changes: Blurred vision or sudden loss of vision in one eye may be associated with CAD.

Diagnosis of Carotid Artery Disease

  • Carotid Ultrasound: This non-invasive imaging test uses sound waves to create images of the carotid arteries, allowing physicians to assess the degree of narrowing or blockage.
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) or Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA): These imaging techniques provide detailed images of the carotid arteries without invasive procedures.
  • Doppler Ultrasound: Similar to carotid ultrasound, this test measures blood flow within the carotid arteries and can detect any abnormalities.
  • Angiography: A contrast dye is injected into the carotid arteries, and X-ray images are taken to provide a detailed view of the blood vessels.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG): This records the heart's electrical activity, helping to identify any heart-related factors contributing to CAD.

Treatment Options for Carotid Artery Disease
Sanar Hospital offers various treatment options for CAD, depending on the severity and location of the disease:

  • Lifestyle Modifications: Lifestyle changes such as smoking cessation, regular exercise, and a heart-healthy diet can help manage CAD and reduce the risk of progression.
  • Medications: Medications may be prescribed to control blood pressure, lower cholesterol levels, prevent blood clots, and manage associated conditions such as diabetes.
  • Carotid Endarterectomy: This surgical procedure involves removing plaque from the carotid arteries to restore normal blood flow.
  • Carotid Artery Angioplasty and Stenting: In some cases, minimally invasive procedures can be performed to open narrowed arteries and place stents to keep them open.
  • Stroke Rehabilitation: If a stroke occurs as a result of CAD, rehabilitation may be necessary to regain lost functions and improve overall quality of life.

Carotid Artery Disease is a significant health concern that requires early detection and appropriate treatment. Sanar Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive care for CAD patients, from diagnosis through to treatment and rehabilitation. By raising awareness and offering advanced treatments, we aim to improve the quality of life for individuals affected by CAD and reduce its impact on our community. Early detection, personalized treatment plans, and a commitment to patient well-being are vital for effectively managing CAD and promoting vascular health.

Our Doctors

SHALBY Sanar International Hospitals provides extensive medical procedures backed up with our state-of-the-art technology and a team of highly qualified & experienced clinical experts.

Patient Testimonials



Our doctors pen down their research findings and experiences from time to time. Their words provide deep insight into the latest techniques, technologies and other advancements in healthcare. It provides expert answers to all kinds of health questions for real-life issues.


Latest News & Events

Since the day of its foundation, SHALBY Sanar International Hospitals is committed to provide comprehensive healthcare services. It regularly organizes awareness programs in its premises and encourages outdoor healthcare activities and camps with an intent to put focus on preventive healthcare.