The Department of Blood & Marrow Transplant offers high-quality specialised care to patients (adults as well as children) affected with life-threatening blood disorders. The Unit is equipped with ultra-modern infrastructure, internationally trained clinical experts and supported by state-of-the-art laboratory & transfusion services. The transplant team is recognized internationally for its expertise in comprehensive speciality treatment for people suffering from blood and bone marrow diseases. The team of experts comprising of BMT physicians, nurses and technicians work in synergy to provide personalised care to patients. The Department is also supported by a multidisciplinary team involving counsellors, psychologists and nurses who provide guidance and counselling to patients and their family members during the course of treatment.
What is Bone Marrow?
Bone marrow is the soft, spongy material found within the bones where the blood cells are made. Bone marrow contains immature stem cells that can develop into any type of blood cell, i.e. red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. It is these stem cells that are collected and used during a bone marrow transplant.
Blood cells are broadly classified into three different types, each of which has a distinct function. These are:
What are the different types of Bone Marrow Transplants?
The procedure involves infusion of healthy stem cells into the body of a patient, which can be done using three different approaches. Based on these, the procedure is broadly classified into the following types:
It is a type of bone marrow transplant in which the blood-forming cells are t...
The healthy blood-forming cells are collected from the patient’s body b...
This involves the transfusion of healthy blood-forming cells taken from the p...
Also known as reduced-intensity allogeneic transplant, it uses mild doses of ...
It is a type of allogeneic transplant in which the blood-forming cells are co...
The healthy production of blood cells is very important and if your body is incapable of producing these, it can make you more susceptible to infections, fatigue and bruising.
A bone marrow or blood stem cell transplant is a medical treatment procedure in which hematopoietic (immature) stem cells are infused into another person or self after giving chemotherapy or radiotherapy. These cells are either collected from the body of a patient or a donor. The procedure makes it possible for doctors to deliver higher doses of chemotherapy, to achieve better outcomes.
Bone Marrow Transplant procedure is majorly used to replace damaged or diseased stem cells with healthy stem cells in patients who have been diagnosed with blood related disorders or malignancies that disrupt the normal production and function of blood cells. These are:
A bone marrow transplant may also be performed on patients who have undergone chemotherapy or radiation therapy as such treatments can destroy the healthy bone marrow cells along with the diseased ones.
In order to find the perfect donor, HLA Typing is done. HLA stands for human leukocyte antigen, a type of protein found in most of the cells in our body. HLA Typing is a genetic test that assesses the samples of tissues collected from the donor and the patient to check compatibility.
HLA Typing is a must irrespective of whether the donor is related to the recipient or not. There are certain eligibility criteria that are to be met. These include:
An unrelated donor transplant involves the use of blood-forming cells taken from a donor who is not related to the patient. People who volunteer as unrelated donors are listed in various volunteer donor registries across the globe, such as NMDP, DKMS, Anthony Nolan Trust and DATRI. An unrelated donor transplant is recommended for patients who do not have a compatible related donor.
At Sanar International Hospitals, we are committed to providing comprehensive care to patients from bench to bed. We offer the best available diagnostic facilities (Flow-Cytometric Analysis, Molecular Haematology including HLA typing and Chimerism Analysis) and treatment for Hematopoietic Disorders. For both In-patients and Out-patients, chemotherapy is administered with strict adherence to the standard treatment protocols, thereby ensuring the best outcomes. State-of-the-art services offered at the Department include:
Bone Marrow / Stem Cell Transplant
There are two different ways in which the blood-forming stem cells are collected from the body of the patient/donor, to be used for the transfusion. These are:
If you are undergoing a bone marrow transplant, it is important to understand that the procedure has certain side effects as well and although the benefits of the procedure out weigh these, we cannot completely ignore them. Some of the common side effects of bone marrow transplant include:
Even after you have been discharged from the hospital, you are still in the recovery phase and need to be careful about certain things. Our Transplant Team at Sanar International Hospitals will brief you about all the challenges that you are likely to experience, as well as how you can overcome these. Here are some important facts that you need to know:
Sanar International Hospitals provides extensive medical procedures backed up with our state-of-the-art technology and a team of highly qualified & experienced clinical experts.