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Everything you need to know about Heart Murmurs
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Everything you need to know about Heart Murmurs

Have you ever heard the term heart murmur? Well, this refers to the sound produced when the blood flows through an abnormal heart valve or when your heart is beating faster than it should. A human heart has four different chambers separated by four valves, which are responsible for regulating the movement of blood within each chamber. Valves are also responsible for preventing the backward flow of blood. Experts specializing in CABG valve replacement in Gurgaon suggest that a healthy beating heart normally makes a club dub sound, whereas a heart murmur is an extra sound in the heartbeat, triggered by turbulence in the flow of blood passing through the heart valves.

What causes a Heart Murmur?
There are several factors that get cause your heart to beat faster, resulting in a heart murmur. These include pregnancy, anemia, fever, overactive thyroid, and hypertension, however, the condition is more commonly related to a problem with your heart valve. Some of the most common heart valve conditions that can lead to heart murmur include:

Mitral valve prolapse - When the left Chamber of the heart contracts the mitral valve closes to prevent the backward flow of blood. In some cases, however, the valve may not close completely, causing the blood to flow back into the upper left chamber of the heart. This condition is commonly referred to as mitral valve prolapse and it is characterized by a systolic click, which is a clicking sound. The problem is very common but not fatal and can lead to regurgitation.

Stenosis - The condition is marked by an obstruction in the normal blood flow through the valve due to its narrowing. Although it can affect any of the four valves of the heart, a heart murmur is commonly associated with mitral valve and aortic stenosis, both of which are present on the left side of the heart. As this happens, your heart will be compared to work harder to pump blood to other parts of the body. If the condition is not addressed immediately it can result in heart failure. It is pertinent to note that stenosis can be congenital as well as developed after birth. The condition can be treated with CABG valve replacement.

Aortic sclerosis - It has been seen that one out of three elderlies with heart murmur experience it because of aortic sclerosis a condition marked by scarring thickening and stiffening of the aortic valve. Although the valve can function normally for many years following the murmur, it was sometimes a sign of serious heart disease. The valve also become narrow, resulting in aortic stenosis.

Symptoms that you need to look out for:
It is very important to understand that many people with heart Murmur may not experience any symptoms, however in some cases, there is a likelihood of experiencing the following:
● Angina or chest pain
● Palpitations
● Breathlessness
● Fatigue
● Bluish tone of the skin

Luckily heart murmur is manageable by treating the underlying cause. The problem can be diagnosed in several different ways using techniques like an electrocardiogram, chest X-rays, and Echocardiography.
● As far as the treatment is concerned mild cases of heart murmur can be treated with the help of medication to prevent the formation of blood clots, control irregular heartbeats and bring down the blood pressure.
● Diuretics can be used to remove unnecessary salt and fluids from your body making it easier for your heart to pump blood.
● In case of a severe heart murmur, surgery may be required to correct the underlying cause.

To know more about heart murmur, and how it can be managed, consult the experts from the best hospital in Gurgaon today.

Dr. D.K. Jhamb, Director & Head of the Department

Interventional Cardiology

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