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Home >> Specialities >> Cardiac Surgery

Department of Cardiac Surgery

The Department of Cardiothoracic Vascular Surgery (CTVS) at Sanar International Hospitals has experience to perform surgical procedures with the effective management of various diseases and conditions affecting the organs of the thoracic cavity i.e. heart, lungs, and blood vessels. It has a dedicated team of surgeons specializing in all types of procedures ranging from conventional surgeries to minimally invasive interventions. The team works in close coordination to curate personalized treatment plans for the patients and the surgery is followed by proper rehabilitation to ensure recovery. It offers treatment for conditions like congenital heart diseases, aneurysms, arrhythmia, carotid artery diseases, cardiomyopathy, coronary artery diseases, pericardial diseases, and valvular diseases. The treatments can be categorized as follows:

  •  Adult Cardiac Surgery
  1. CABG
  2. Valvular replacement/repairs
  3. Aortic Surgeries (Bentall operation, Aorta replacement)
  • Valve Replacement - Heart valve replacement is a procedure recommended for patients with severe valvular diseases like aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, mitral stenosis, mitral regurgitation, and other valvular lesions. The surgical procedure aims at replacing a narrowed, obstructed or leaking, or diseased valve with a new prosthetic valve. Valvular surgeries can be performed using standard techniques and minimally invasive procedures. In selected cases, the aortic valve can be dealt with using transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Common symptoms of the valvular disease include dizziness, angina, palpitations, and breathing difficulties.
  • Aneurysm Repair - An aneurysm is a small balloon-like bulge, that develops in the arterial wall, owing to a variety of different factors, that include underlying medical conditions like atherosclerosis, injuries, or congenital weakness. These can develop in any part of the body and are especially found in the aorta. Aneurysm repair aims at surgically treating the affected area, in order to prevent the aneurysm from bursting, which can otherwise lead to severe complications.
  • Vascular Repair - Vascular repair aims at treating diseases and elements of the vascular system, which are involved in the circulation of blood. Most of these procedures are carried out using the cardiac catheterization technique which uses detailed imaging guidance for accessing the affected area.
  • CABG - CABG stands for coronary artery bypass graft. The surgical intervention is performed on patients suffering from coronary artery disease, which disturbs the normal flow of oxygenated blood to the heart. The surgery works by creating a separate route for blood flow, bypassing the disease or damaged portion of the artery. This is done by using a small section of a healthy blood vessel taken from some other part of your body.
  • VATS - VATS stands for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. It uses a minimally invasive approach to diagnose, assess and treat various diseases and elements of the chest. The surgical technique is carried out using video-assisted thoracoscopy, which allows the doctors to examine the organs in the chest cavity without making any incisions.

Congenital heart disease: The heart diseases present from birth are identified as congenital heart diseases. It is classified into two categories:

  • Cyanotic
  • Acyanotic

The symptoms mainly present in breathing difficulty, difficulty in taking feed, failure to thrive, the blue colour of the baby’s body, swelling all over the body, etc. The treatment is done through open surgical procedures.

  •  Congenital Heart Disease Treatment
  1. ASD Closure
  2. VSD Closure
  3. TOF Repair
  • Treatment of complex cyanotic disorders
  1. Vascular Surgery
  2. Thoracic Surgery
  3. Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery


When do doctors recommend cardiac surgery?

A - Doctors generally recommend cardiac surgery in any of the following cases:

  • If the patient is not responding to conservative treatment 
  • If the patient is experiencing debilitating symptoms that interfere with the quality of life 
  • If the symptoms keep on aggravating even after trying non-surgical treatments 
  • If the patient is at risk of serious complications associated with the heart problem

What is the difference between conventional and minimally invasive cardiac surgery?

A - Conventional cardiac surgery follows the traditional approach in which doctors address and treat a heart problem by making a huge incision across the patient’s chest to access the affected area. This usually involves the use of a Cardiopulmonary bypass machine. Minimally invasive surgery, on the other hand, is a relatively new and advanced approach in which doctors perform a surgical intervention via tiny keyhole incisions, using detailed imaging guidance. This may not involve the use of a heart-lung bypass machine and offers a variety of benefits over conventional surgery. These include minimal scarring, reduced blood loss, shorter hospital stays and faster recovery. 

What are the benefits of cardiac surgery?

A - The ways in which cardiac surgery can benefit someone primarily depend on the type of surgery and the condition that is to be treated. Some key benefits of cardiac surgery include:

  • Better life expectancy
  • Improved quality of life
  • Relief from symptoms that do not respond to conservative treatments
  • Effective management of structural heart defects 
  • Prevention of further damage to the heart

Who is eligible for cardiac surgery?

A - Cardiac surgery is an effective way of treating and managing cardiac problems, but, it is not an option for everyone. There are certain eligibility criteria that are to be met. These include:

  • A significant heart condition that cannot be treated by medication alone
  • If the heart condition has progressed to a point where it has stopped responding to other treatments
  • If the patient is otherwise healthy and in a good shape
  • If there are no contradictions that can later give rise to complications
  • If the patient is willing to undergo the procedure 

How to prepare for cardiac surgery?

A - If you have been recommended to go for cardiac surgery, there are a few things that you need to do to avoid unnecessary complications and make the experience hassle-free. 

  • Plan a consultation with your doctor to get the answers to all the queries related to your procedure.
  • Stay physically active by indulging in activities of mild to moderate intensity. This will help to strengthen your body and prepare it for the surgery
  • Go for proper medical evaluation as this will help your doctors to determine if you are prepared for the procedure or not
  • Make sure that your doctor is well-informed about any medication that you have been taking
  • Follow the pre-operative instructions recommended by your doctor. This may include fasting for a certain period of time before the surgery and taking prescribed medication. 
  • Make necessary arrangements at home and make sure that someone is there to accompany you on the day of the surgery, 

What conditions are treated by a cardiac surgeon?

A - Common conditions that are treated by a cardiac surgeon include:

  • CAD or Coronary Artery Disease, which is marked by restricted blood flow through the coronary artery due to a blockage or narrowing
  • Heart valve diseases such as stenosis and regurgitation 
  • Congenital heart defects, i.e. structural or functional heart diseases that a baby is born with
  • Aortic aneurysms, which is marked by a bulge in the aorta
  • Congestive heart failure, which is marked by the inability of the heart to pump blood to the rest of the body
  • Arrhythmias or abnormality in the heart rhythm

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