Book Appt. Call Now
  • Find a doctor
  • Send a query
  • Book an Appointment
  • Second Opinion

Send a Query

Book an Appointment

Ask for a Second Opinion

Erectile Dysfunction (ED)

Erectile Dysfunction (ED), often referred to as impotence, is a common men's health issue that affects millions of men worldwide. It is characterized by the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual activity. ED can have a profound impact on a man's quality of life and can also be a sign of underlying health conditions. 

Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
ED can result from a variety of physical, psychological, and lifestyle factors. Understanding the underlying causes is crucial for effective management. Some common causes of ED include:

  • Physical Health Conditions: Conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and obesity can impair blood flow to the penis, leading to ED.
  • Neurological Disorders: Conditions like multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and spinal cord injuries can interfere with the nerve signals needed for an erection.
  • Hormonal Imbalance: Low testosterone levels can contribute to ED, although this is less common than other causes.
  • Medications: Certain medications, including some antidepressants, antihypertensives, and antipsychotics, may have ED as a side effect.
  • Psychological Factors: Stress, anxiety, depression, and relationship issues can lead to performance anxiety, making it difficult to achieve or maintain an erection.
  • Lifestyle Choices: Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, and a sedentary lifestyle can all contribute to ED.
  • Age: While ED can affect men of all ages, it becomes more common as men get older due to changes in blood flow and hormone levels.

Symptoms of Erectile Dysfunction
The primary symptom of ED is the consistent inability to achieve or sustain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. However, it's essential to note that occasional difficulties with erections are not necessarily indicative of ED. ED is diagnosed when the problem is persistent over time.

Diagnosis of Erectile Dysfunction
Diagnosing ED typically involves a comprehensive evaluation by a healthcare provider. This evaluation may include:

  • Medical History: A detailed discussion of the patient's medical history, sexual history, and any medications or lifestyle factors that may be contributing to ED.
  • Physical Examination: A physical examination may help identify any underlying physical conditions, such as obesity or cardiovascular issues.
  • Blood Tests: Blood tests can check for underlying health conditions like diabetes or hormonal imbalances.
  • Psychological Assessment: In some cases, a psychologist or counselor may assess the patient's mental and emotional well-being to identify any psychological factors contributing to ED.
  • Penile Doppler Ultrasound: This test measures blood flow to the penis and can help identify vascular issues.
  • Nocturnal Penile Tumescence (NPT) Test: This test measures spontaneous erections that occur during sleep, helping to differentiate between physical and psychological causes of ED.

Treatment Options for Erectile Dysfunction
ED is a treatable condition, and there are several effective treatment options available:

  • Oral Medications: Medications like sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis), and vardenafil (Levitra) are commonly prescribed to enhance blood flow to the penis, facilitating erections. These drugs are often the first-line treatment for ED.
  • Lifestyle Changes: Addressing underlying lifestyle factors such as smoking cessation, reducing alcohol consumption, improving diet, and increasing physical activity can significantly improve ED.
  • Psychological Counseling: Therapy or counseling can help individuals address the psychological factors contributing to their ED, such as anxiety or relationship issues.
  • Vacuum Erection Devices: These devices create a vacuum around the penis, drawing blood into it to achieve an erection. A constriction band is then placed at the base to maintain the erection.
  • Penile Injections: Some medications can be injected directly into the penis to stimulate an erection. This method is effective for many men but may not be suitable for all.
  • Penile Implants: In cases where other treatments are ineffective, a surgically implanted penile prosthesis may be considered, allowing for on-demand erections.

Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is a common condition that can affect men of all ages. It can result from various physical, psychological, and lifestyle factors. Understanding the causes and available treatment options is crucial for effectively managing ED. With the right approach, many men can regain their sexual function and overall quality of life. If you or someone you know is experiencing ED, it's essential to consult with a healthcare provider for a thorough evaluation and personalized treatment plan.

Our Doctors

Sanar International Hospitals provides extensive medical procedures backed up with our state-of-the-art technology and a team of highly qualified & experienced clinical experts.

Patient Testimonials



Our doctors pen down their research findings and experiences from time to time. Their words provide deep insight into the latest techniques, technologies and other advancements in healthcare. It provides expert answers to all kinds of health questions for real-life issues.


Latest News & Events

Since the day of its foundation, Sanar International Hospitals is committed to provide comprehensive healthcare services. It regularly organizes awareness programs in its premises and encourages outdoor healthcare activities and camps with an intent to put focus on preventive healthcare.