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Home >> Specialities >> Neurosciences >> Spine Surgery

Spine Surgery

Spine Surgery refers to any surgical intervention that is performed to address complex problems of the spine and associated structures. These can either be congenital or acquired later in life, due to an underlying disease, injury, accident or other trauma. Spine surgery can be performed using the conventional approach or via minimally invasive means. Surgical intervention is usually recommended for patients who have a debilitating spine condition that cannot be managed by medication alone. 

Why choose Sanar International Hospitals? 
Sanar International Hospitals is a centre for India's finest spine care technology, where you can find advanced solutions to the most complex spine diseases and disorders. The hospital has a dedicated spine unit, offering comprehensive evaluation and care to patients with a wide range of spine conditions. We have a dedicated team of spine specialists who bring years of expertise to the table, ensuring unparalleled quality care and treatment. At Sanar, we resort to the latest innovations and advancements that help us deliver precision-based results with added safety. Our expert team comprises of highly efficient and specialised spine surgeons, doctors, radiologists, anaesthesiologists, physiotherapists and dedicated nurses, all working in coordination to give you an experience that is at par with excellence.


  • Spinal Deformities - Spinal deformities refer to structural or functional deformities in the spine, often marked by pain, neurological complications and problems related to mobility. Kyphosis, lordosis and scoliosis are three of the most common spinal deformities that are marked by an abnormal curvature in the vertebral column. Such deformities may be present since birth or developed post-birth. 
  • Spinal Infections - It is an umbrella term used for various infections that develop when microbes like bacteria, viruses and fungi invade the spine. Although such infections are quite rare, these are potentially serious and can progress to  life-threatening complications. These can target any part of the spine, be it the vertebrae, the spinal canal, the discs or the spinal cord. 
  • Spinal Cord Injuries - Spinal cord injury can be caused by a blunt physical impact that could be the result of an accident, fall or trauma. Such injuries can affect any part of the spinal column and have been predominantly linked with road traffic accidents. A blunt impact can lead to crushing and fracture, whereas penetration of sharp objects can cause tearing. Spinal cord injuries are often debilitating and require months of rehabilitation. 
  • Spine Tumours - These refer to all the cancerous/non-cancerous growths that develop on any part of the spinal column, owing to uncontrolled cell growth. Tumours that develop within the spinal cord are commonly referred to as intramedullary tumours, whereas, those that develop on the outer side of the spinal cord are referred to as intradural-extramedullary tumours. 
  • Spinal Stenosis - The condition is marked by the narrowing of the space within the backbone, which puts an additional strain on the nerves and spinal cord, leading to their compression. The problem is most likely to affect the spinal canal in the lower back and around the neck. Spinal stenosis can be very painful and even limit the range of motion and mobility of the person.
  • Lumbar Decompression - It is also known as lumbar laminectomy, a procedure that is performed on patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. During the surgical intervention, the surgeon widens the spinal canal by removing a part of the lamina. This helps to create more space for the nerves and spinal cord and relieve excess pressure from them. 
  • Lumbar Discectomy - The procedure is recommended for patients who have a disc in the lower part of the spinal column. The surgery is carried out via a minimally invasive approach, in which the doctors use detailed imaging guidance to perform the surgery via tiny, keyhole incisions. 
  • Laminectomy - It refers to the surgical extraction of the bone spurs so as to relieve pressure from the nerves that have been compressed by these. It is a major surgery that can be performed on any part of the spine, i.e., cervical, lumbar, sacral and thoracic. 
  • Spinal Fusion Surgery - The surgical procedure typically aims at addressing the problems concerning the smaller bones within the spinal column. As the name suggests, it involves the permanent fusion of two or more adjacent vertebrae into a single bone. This is done to reduce motion between the bones, so as to relieve back pain. 
  • Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery - It is a new-age technique that has revolutionized spinal care by making it possible for doctors to perform complex spinal procedures via tiny keyhole incisions. Minimally invasive spine surgery uses detailed guidance offered by a surgical camera, to precisely guide the equipment to address the problem. 
  • Foraminotomy - The surgery aims at enlarging the opening where the nerve roots exit the spinal column. This is done to reduce unnecessary pressure that has been building up on the nerves due to compression. Foraminotomy is usually performed on patients with foraminal stenosis. 
  • Vertebroplasty - Vertebroplasty is also known as kyphoplasty. It is a minimally invasive procedure that is recommended for patients diagnosed with spinal compression fractures. The aim of the surgery is to offer stability and relieve pain and involves the injection of bone cement in the affected vertebra. The procedure is performed via a tiny puncture and takes about an hour.


What is Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery?

A- Minimally invasive spine surgery, or MISS, is a highly advanced approach to performing various spinal interventions via tiny, keyhole incisions instead of making a large incision, as in the case of conventional or traditional open surgery. This is done with the help of precision-based imaging guidance offered by a surgical camera, which is introduced inside the patient’s body via one of the tiny openings. MISS offers a number of benefits over conventional surgery. These include:

  • Minimal to no damage to the surrounding tissues and muscles
  • Reduced scarring due to smaller incisions
  • Added precision and accuracy
  • Better accessibility to challenging areas of the spine
  • Reduced blood loss
  • Little post-operative pain and discomfort
  • Reduced risks of complications
  • Faster healing and a better prognosis
  • Shorter hospital stay

What conditions call for the need for spine surgery?

A-    Spine surgery may be recommended for patients suffering from any of the following:

  • Disc herniation
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Spinal tumours
  • Spinal fractures
  • Severe spinal infections
  • Congenital spinal abnormalities
  • Spondylolisthesis

How do I prepare for spine surgery?

A-    If you have been recommended to go for spine surgery, there are a few things that you need to do to avoid unnecessary complications and make the experience hassle-free.

  • Plan a consultation with your doctor to get answers to all your questions related to your procedure. It is important to educate yourself and be well-informed.
  • Try to stay physically active by indulging in activities of mild to moderate intensity. This will help strengthen your body and prepare it for the surgery.
  • Go for a proper medical evaluation, as this will help your doctors determine if you are prepared for the procedure or not.
  • Make the necessary adjustments to your medication as recommended by your doctors.
  • You will be given a set of pre-operative instructions that are to be followed. This may include fasting for a certain period of time before the surgery and taking prescribed medication.
  • You will need to make the necessary arrangements at home to ease your journey to recovery after being discharged from the hospital.

How long does it take to resume normal day-to-day activities after spine surgery?

A-Patients undergoing spine surgery are likely to experience pain, soreness, and stiffness for some time, especially during sitting or standing. The time taken for recovery varies depending on the type of surgery, the approach followed, and the condition to be addressed. Generally, it takes 4 to 6 weeks to resume normal, low-intensity activities.

What is the success rate of spine surgery?

A-The success rate of spine surgery is quite high in India and ranges between 80 and 90 percent, depending upon the type of intervention.

What are the advantages of undergoing spine surgery?

A-Various advantages of spine surgery that make it the trusted choice of our experts at Sanar International Hospitals include:

  • Relief from pain and other symptoms that could not be managed with conservative treatments
  • Enhanced mobility and function
  • Correction of structural deformities that cannot be treated with therapies and braces
  • Minimising or preventing damage to the spine
  • Improving the quality of the patient’s life
  • Better and longer-term results.

Treatments & Surgeries

  • Lumbar Decompression Surgery

    Lumber decompression is also known as a lumbar laminectomy. It is a surgical ...

  • Spinal Fusion Surgery

    Spinal Fusion is also known as Arthrodesis.

  • Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

    It is a new-age technique that has revolutionized spinal care by making it po...

  • Spinal Deformities

    Spinal Deformity refers to a condition marked by the abnormal alignment of th...

  • Spinal Infections

    Spinal Infections are rare but potentially life-threatening diseases caused b...

  • Spinal Cord Injuries

    Spinal Cord Injury can be caused by a blunt physical impact that could be the...

  • Spine Tumours

    These refer to all the cancerous/non-cancerous growths that develop on any pa...

  • Spinal Stenosis

    Spinal Stenosis is a condition marked by the narrowing of the space within th...

  • Vertebroplasty

    Is also known as Kyphoplasty. It is a Minimally Invasive procedure that is re...


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