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Home >> Specialities >> Cardiology >> Pacemaker Implantation

Pacemaker Implantation

Heart rhythm disorders, or arrhythmias, can significantly impact a person's quality of life. Pacemaker implantation is a medical procedure that has transformed the management of these conditions. A pacemaker is a small device that is implanted under the skin, typically near the collarbone, to help regulate the heartbeat. It is primarily used to treat bradycardia, a condition characterized by an abnormally slow heart rate, and certain types of arrhythmias.

The Procedure

  • Preparation: Patients are typically given a local anaesthetic to numb the area where the pacemaker will be implanted.
  • Incision: A small incision is made to create a pocket for the pacemaker device.
  • Lead Placement: Thin, insulated wires (leads) are inserted through a vein and guided to the heart. These leads monitor the heart's electrical activity and deliver electrical impulses when necessary.
  • Pacemaker Implantation: The pacemaker device is connected to the leads and placed in the pocket created earlier. It monitors the heart's rhythm continuously and delivers electrical signals to maintain a regular heartbeat.
  • Testing and Adjustment: The pacemaker is tested to ensure it is functioning correctly. Its settings can be adjusted as needed to suit the patient's specific requirements.

Benefits of Pacemaker Implantation

  • Heart Rate Regulation: Pacemakers help regulate heart rate, ensuring that it stays within a healthy range.
  • Improved Quality of Life: Individuals with pacemakers often experience relief from symptoms such as fatigue, dizziness, and fainting, which are common in cases of bradycardia.
  • Lifesaving: In some cases, pacemakers can save lives by preventing life-threatening arrhythmias.

Considerations and Follow-up
Patients with pacemakers require periodic follow-up appointments to monitor the device's performance, check battery life, and make any necessary adjustments. The lifespan of a pacemaker battery varies but typically lasts several years.

In conclusion, pacemaker implantation is a life-changing procedure for individuals with heart rhythm disorders. It restores normal heart rate, alleviates symptoms, and can be lifesaving in critical situations. If you or a loved one is diagnosed with a heart rhythm disorder, consult with a cardiologist to determine if pacemaker implantation is a suitable treatment option. Timely intervention and proper device management can significantly improve the quality of life for those affected by arrhythmias.

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