Bone marrow transplant is a life-saving procedure recommended for patients with various blood-related conditions. The procedure helps to facilitate the growth and production of new blood cells to make up for the replenished blood cells.. Over the years, the procedure has seen tremendous advancements and is now considered a gold standard treatment for many haematological illnesses. At present, there are 3 major types of bone marrow transplant procedures available. Want to know more about them? Continue reading this blog by the best BMT doctor in Gurugram.
What is a bone marrow transplant?
A BMT or a bone marrow transplant is a procedure that can help to save the lives of people suffering from serious conditions of the blood and bone marrow, including cancer. The procedure may seem a little complex, but the idea behind it is very simple. It involves the infusion of healthy blood-forming cells into the bloodstream of a patient to aid in the production, growth and development of new blood cells. This doesn’t happen overnight and takes a couple of weeks or even months, for the patient’s blood count to get back to normal. Over the years, bone marrow transplant has proved to be a boon for patients suffering from conditions like
Bone marrow transplant procedure has also made it possible for patients to undergo procedures like chemotherapy and radiation therapy by addressing one of the major complications linked with these. Along with the unhealthy cells, the procedures can also destroy the healthy cells in the body, because their impact cannot be restricted. BMT procedure can help to make up for the loss of healthy cells in such cases. Bone marrow transplant in India is performed at all the leading hospitals.
2 major types of bone marrow transplant
Autologous bone marrow transplant -
It is a type of bone marrow transplant in which you do not need a donor. In this case, the recipient is the donor himself/herself. The procedure involves the use of bone marrow collected from the body of the patient. This is primarily done prior to a major procedure like chemotherapy or radiation therapy. As the patient’s own cells are used, the procedure comes with significant advantages. There are no chances of rejection or incompatibility.
Now, it is important to note that not every patient is eligible for an autologous bone marrow transplant and it can be considered only if the patient’s body is capable of producing healthy blood cells that can be collected, frozen, stored and reinfused in their body.
There are many conditions that can give rise to the need for chemotherapy or radiation therapy, like Hodgkin’s lymphoma, myeloma, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and a variety of plasma cell disorders. An autologous bone marrow transplant is performed after thoroughly conditioning the patient’s body and destroying all the unhealthy or malignant cells.
Allogenic bone marrow transplant -
It is a type of bone marrow transplant in which you need a donor, who can be a family member, a friend or even a stranger with identical HLA typing. The procedure is recommended for patients when their body is incapable of producing healthy blood cells. In this case, the bone marrow can be collected from the donor’s body in 3 different ways - either from their blood, their hip bone, or even a donated umbilical cord.
Allogenic bone marrow transplant can be used to treat patients suffering from a wide range of malignant and benign blood conditions like
If you want to know more about bone marrow transplant procedures, consult the best doctors in Gurugram today.
Dr. Dharma Choudhary,
Director and HOD, Blood and Marrow Transplant