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Spinal Stenosis


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Home >> Specialities >> Neurosciences >> Spine Surgery >> Spinal Stenosis

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal Stenosis is a condition marked by the narrowing of the space within the backbone, which puts an additional strain on the nerves and spinal cord, leading to their compression. The problem is most likely to affect the spinal canal in the lower back and around the neck. Spinal stenosis can be very painful and even limit the range of motion and mobility of the person.

What causes Spinal Stenosis?
The bones in the Spine are stacked in a column that protects the nerves and Spinal Cord. Spinal stenosis is caused by any condition that leads to the narrowing of the space within this column, thereby putting additional pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. This could be due to:

  • Bone Spurs - Also known as osteophytes, these are additional bony growths that develop on the spine as a result of arthritis or gradual joint damage. 
  • Herniated Disk - It is a condition marked by slipping out of a part of the nucleus, i.e., the soft centre of the disk, through the annulus. 
  • Thick Ligaments - This can be the result of gradual wear and tear or overuse of the spine. 
  • Tumours - These refer to abnormal masses of cells and tissues that develop on the spine. These are quite rare, but potentially debilitating 

What are the indications of Spinal Stenosis? 
Many patients suffering from spinal stenosis may not experience any symptoms initially. These tend to develop at a very slow rate and worsen with time. It is pertinent to note that the symptoms vary depending on the area of the spine that has been affected. These include:

  • Pain and cramps in the lower back
  • Back pain that aggravates with movement and motion
  • Numbness or tingling sensation in the limbs
  • Persistent pain in the neck
  • Decreased bowel and bladder control.

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