It is a movement disorder that is marked by the involuntary contraction of muscles, which leads to repeated twisting movement. It is not very common and presents with varied clinical manifestations. Dystonia can affect people of any age group, including young children. Dystonia is progressive in nature, which means that it tends to aggravate with time. Surgical management of dystonia is possible with deep brain stimulation, which is usually recommended when the patient is not responding to medication and therapy.
What causes Dystonia?
The underlying cause of dystonia is not known, however, it is triggered by the abnormal functioning of the basal ganglia, which regulates movement coordination, speed, and fluidity. It can either be inherited, as well as acquired. Dystonia, itself can be an indication of some other health problem, such as:
What are the different types of Dystonia?
Dystonia can be classified into several different types, which include:
What are the indications of Dystonia?
Various indications, that point towards the possibility of one having dystonia include:
When is the right time to see a doctor?
You should see a doctor as soon as you start experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms. These do not necessarily mean that you have dystonia and any conclusion can be reached only after thorough evaluation and assessment.
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