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Home >> Specialities >> Neurosciences >> Neurology >> Cerebral Palsy Treatment

Cerebral Palsy Treatment

Cerebral Palsy is a term used for various neurodevelopmental disorders that affect the patient’s movement, Posture, and Balance. It develops in early childhood and is a result of damage to the developing brain while the child is still inside the womb. In India, the prevalence of Cerebral Palsy ranges from 2.1 to 3 per 1000 births. There are several different types of Cerebral Palsy, categorized on the basis of the area of the brain that is involved. 

What are the different types of Cerebral Palsy?

  • Ataxic Cerebral Palsy - This affects motor control & movement and has been linked with damage to the cerebellum
  • Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy - It is also known as athetoid cerebral palsy and is triggered by damage to the basal ganglia or cerebellum
  • Hypotonic Cerebral Palsy -  It is extremely rare and caused by damage to the cerebellum
  • Spastic Cerebral Palsy - It is the most common type, triggered by damage to the motor cortex or pyramidal tracts
  • Mixed Cerebral Palsy - It refers to the prevalence of more than one type of cerebral palsy and is triggered by damage to several different areas of the brain.

What causes Cerebral Palsy?
Cerebral Palsy is the result of damage to a child’s developing brain while it is still inside the womb. This can be due to any of the following:

  • Severe bacterial or viral infection 
  • Brain bleed
  • Head injuries sustained within the womb 
  • Asphyxia
  • Exposure to drugs and strong medications within the womb.

What are the symptoms of Cerebral Palsy?
The symptoms of Cerebral Palsy may either be physical or Neurological. The former include:

  • Excessive drooling
  • Jerky reflexes
  • Contractures
  • Urine or bowel incontinence
  • Tremors
  • Problem with balance and coordination
  • Difficulties with swallowing or sucking 
  • Muscle spasticity 

Neurological Symptoms associated with Cerebral Palsy include:

  • Hydrocephalus
  • Eccentric behavior
  • Delay in motor skill development
  • Problems with speech and language
  • Problems with vision
  • Sensory impairment.

When is the right time to see a doctor?
You should see a doctor as soon as you start experiencing the symptoms. These do not necessarily mean that you have Cerebral Palsy and any conclusion can be reached only after thorough evaluation and assessment. 

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