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Home >> Specialities >> Neurosciences >> Neurosurgery >> Brain Haemorrhage Treatment

Brain Haemorrhage Treatment

Brain Haemorrhage, or brain bleed, is a potentially life-threatening condition marked by bleeding in the brain or the areas around it, which usually happens due to a ruptured aneurysm or a traumatic injury to the skull. It is one of the leading causes of stroke, responsible for nearly 15 to 30 per cent of all cases. Brain bleeds can affect any part of the brain and the adversity of the symptoms depends upon various factors, including the area involved. It can cause your brain cells to die, giving rise to various physical and mental impairments. The damage, once caused, is irreversible.

What are the different types of Brain Haemorrhage?
Brain Haemorrhage is broadly classified into two types based on the area where the bleeding occurs. This can happen between the brain tissue and the skull or within the brain. 

The former is classified into 3 types. These are:

  • Epidural bleed 
  • Subdural bleed
  • Subarachnoid bleed 

The latter is classified into two types. These are:

  • Intracerebral Haemorrhage
  • Intraventricular Haemorrhage

What causes Brain Haemorrhage?

  • There are a variety of factors that may be responsible for causing brain bleeds. These include:
  • Severe trauma to the head, which could be due to a severe blow, an accident or a sports injury
  • Uncontrolled hypertension, or blood pressure
  • Atherosclerosis, which is marked by the accumulation of fats and other wastes in the arteries
  • Obstruction caused by a clot
  • Ruptured aneurysm
  • Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
  • Arteriovenous malformation
  • Long-term use of blood thinners
  • Malignant or benign brain tumours 
  • Substance abuse
  • Excessive smoking
  • Prenatal complications like eclampsia and neonatal intraventricular haemorrhage.

What are the major indications of Brain Haemorrhage?

The symptoms of brain haemorrhage are not the same for everyone and these vary from one person to another depending upon the area of the brain involved. Some of the summon symptoms that may suggest that a person is having a brain haemorrhage include:

  • Paralytic stroke
  • Numbness or weakness in one part of the body 
  • Weakness in the limbs 
  • Lightheadedness and dizziness
  • Seizures 
  • Problems with swallowing 
  • Loss of balance and coordination
  • Slurred speech and blurred vision
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • Stiffness and pain in the neck
  • Fatigue and loss of consciousness 
  • Breathing difficulties 

When should you consider seeing a doctor?
You should see a doctor as soon as you start experiencing the symptoms. These do not necessarily mean that you have a brain haemorrhage and any conclusion can be reached only after thorough evaluation and assessment.

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