Prostate cancer is a significant health concern for men worldwide, being one of the most common types of cancer in men. It starts in the prostate gland, which is responsible for producing seminal fluid. This blog briefs the aspects of prostate cancer, including its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures.
What Causes Prostate Cancer?
The exact cause of prostate cancer remains unknown. However, it's understood that changes in the DNA of a normal prostate cell lead to abnormal cell growth, culminating in cancer. Risk factors include:
Symptoms to Watch For
In its early stages, prostate cancer may not cause noticeable symptoms. As it progresses, symptoms might include:
Diagnosis and Screening
Prostate cancer screening is crucial for early detection. Common diagnostic methods include:
Staging and Treatment Options
Once diagnosed, staging determines the extent of the cancer. Treatment options vary based on the stage and include:
Treatment side effects can include urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction, fatigue, and bowel problems. Rehabilitation and support services can help manage these effects.
Prostate cancer, while serious, is often treatable, especially when diagnosed early. Awareness of risk factors, symptoms, and the importance of regular screenings can lead to early detection and more effective treatment. As research continues to advance, there is hope for even more effective treatments with fewer side effects. If you are at risk or experiencing symptoms, consult with a healthcare professional for the best course of action.
Dr. Sumit Sharma, Director and Head of the Department
Urology, Uro-Oncology, Andrology, Uro-RoboticsBook an Appointment