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Obesity in kids: What causes it?
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Obesity in kids: What causes it?

Obesity in children is a global issue that has an impact on their health and quality of life. The rising prevalence of childhood obesity has become a major concern for parents everywhere, but particularly in India, where the issue affects over 14.4 million children. India is one of the leading nations with high percentage of fat children. To ensure that children grow up healthy and happy, it is crucial to comprehend what causes childhood obesity and how to prevent it. We shall look at the numerous causes of childhood obesity closely recognised by best bariatric surgeons in Gurugram in this blog,

First off, a lack of physical activity is one of the major factors contributing to childhood obesity. Children now spend more time watching screens than participating in physical activities. Kids no longer expend as much energy due to their sedentary lifestyles, which results in an increase in body weight. Parents should encourage kids to participate in sports, outdoor activities, and other hobbies for fun, or engage in any other enjoyable physical activity. Children can lose extra weight and burn off extra calories by doing this.

Secondly, poor eating patterns can also contribute to childhood obesity. Weight gain can result from consuming foods heavy in calories, sugar, and fat, such as fast food, candy, and soda. Additionally, exceedingly high calorie intake can result from eating portions that are too large. By giving their kids a balanced meal that includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products, parents can promote healthy eating habits in their children. Limiting the intake of processed and sugary meals, especially those containing high fructose corn syrup, is also crucial.

Thirdly, genetics may potentially contribute to the emergence of childhood obesity. According to studies, kids who come from families where obesity runs in the family are more likely to grow up to be overweight or obese. It is important to remember that healthy eating habits and regular exercise can still help avoid obesity in children with a genetic predisposition, even when genetics may play a part.

Fourthly, several medical disorders and drugs can exacerbate childhood obesity. The metabolism can be slowed down by hormonal abnormalities, such as an underactive thyroid, which can result in weight gain. Weight gain can also be caused by drugs like steroids that are used to treat autoimmune illnesses, inflammation, and asthma. It's crucial for parents to speak with their kids' doctors, if they believe an illness or medicine may be the cause of their child's weight increase.

Finally, a child's obesity may also be influenced by sleep deprivation. Lack of sleep in children often results in an imbalance in the hormones that control appetite, which causes increased hunger and cravings for harmful foods. To control their hunger and avoid consuming too many calories, parents must make sure their kids get adequate sleep every night.

In conclusion, childhood obesity is a developing problem that could harm children's health and quality of life. Kids' inactivity, unhealthy eating patterns, genetics, certain medical disorders, and lack of physical exercise are just a few of the causes that can lead to obesity. By encouraging frequent physical activity, healthy eating practises, working with the child's healthcare professional as needed, and making sure the child gets enough sleep each night, parents may help to avoid obesity in children. Major health concerns such as underactive thyroid etc., should never be ignored and parents should consult the professionals in weight loss surgery for early diagnosis of any other prospective medical disorders so that they can be treated before it’s too late.

Dr. Vinay Kumar Shaw, Head of the Department and Senior Consultant

GI, General, Minimal Access and Bariatric Surgery

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