Millions of individuals worldwide are afflicted by Tuberculosis (TB), a disease that has been a cause of great concern for generations. Despite tremendous advancements in medical research, there are still many myths and misconceptions about TB that persist. These fallacies not only prevent thorough knowledge but also stigmatise those who are afflicted by the condition. In this blog, we have dispelled some of the most common of these myths with the help of Top Pulmonologist in Gurugram.
Myth 1: TB is a disease of the past and no longer a global concern:
Fact: Contrary to popular belief, TB remains a significant global health issue that claims countless lives every year. It is crucial to recognise that TB can affect anyone, regardless of geographical location or socioeconomic status. Getting the right care at the right time can, however, help eradicate any serious complications associated with TB.
Myth 2: TB is a hereditary disease.
Fact: No, Tuberculosis is not an inherited condition. It is primarily caused by the mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium, which spreads through the air when an infected individual coughs, sneezes, or speaks. While certain factors, such as a weakened immune system, can increase the risk of contracting TB, the best Pulmonologist in Gurugramsuggests that the disease itself is not passed down through genes.
Myth 3: TB only affects the lungs: Pulmonary Function
Fact: TB, which primarily affects the lungs, is the most common form of the disease. However, TB can also target other parts of the body, such as the kidneys, bones, lymph nodes, and brain. These extra pulmonary TB cases require equal attention and prompt diagnosis for effective treatment.
Myth 4: Only people with HIV/AIDS are susceptible to TB
Fact: While it is true that people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS, are more susceptible to developing TB, the condition can affect anyone. In fact, other factors like coming into close contact with an infected person, residing in unfavourable living circumstances, malnutrition, and substance misuse can all raise the chance of contracting TB.
Myth 5: TB is easily transmitted in everyday settings.
Fact: TB is primarily transmitted through prolonged exposure to an infected person in confined spaces. Casual contact, such as shaking hands, hugging, or sharing utensils, does not pose a significant risk. Adequate ventilation and good hygiene practises can further reduce the chances of transmission.
Myth 6: TB is incurable.
Fact: This is completely false. With the right care, TB is treatable. The normal course of treatment includes taking a combination of antibiotics for a predetermined amount of time, typically six to nine months. Following the recommended course of treatment is essential for avoiding the emergence of drug-resistant strains.
Myth 7: TB always presents obvious symptoms.
Fact: Not everyone infected with TB will display immediate symptoms. Latent TB infection occurs when the bacteria are present but not actively causing illness. In such cases, the individual may not experience any symptoms and feel completely healthy. Regular screenings and diagnostic tests are essential to identifying latent TB infections.
It is due to all these myths that a lot of patients do not get access to the right care that can save their lives. Debunking common myths related to tuberculosis is crucial for accurate understanding and effective management of the disease. TB remains a global health concern, and dispelling misconceptions is vital to reducing stigma, promoting early diagnosis, and ensuring timely treatment. By staying informed and spreading awareness, we can work towards a society that supports those affected by TB and strives for its eradication. If you wish to know more about Tuberculosis and explore the finest treatments available for it, get in touch with the best Pulmonologist in Gurugram.
Dr. Bandana Mishra, Head of the Department and Senior Consultant
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