Have you ever heard about alpha thalassemia? It is an inherited blood disorder that affects 12.9 per cent of the population in our country. It is marked by the inability of the body to produce enough alpha globin, which is extremely crucial for the production of haemoglobin. So, in simple words, alpha thalassemia is a condition marked by a fall in the levels of haemoglobin.
Now, this can affect your body in a variety of different ways. Haemoglobin is an essential protein that is found in the blood. It is loaded with iron and serves as a transport medium for carrying oxygen to different parts of the body. It is also responsible for carrying carbon dioxide, from these parts, back into the lungs. As per the experts from the best hospital in Gurgaon, when your haemoglobin levels are lower than normal, as, in the case of patients with alpha thalassemia, the transportation of oxygen and carbon dioxide will get hampered drastically.
Getting familiar with various types of Thalassemia
Alpha thalassemia is broadly classified into 4 different types, primarily depending upon the severity of the symptoms. Let’s try to understand these with the help of doctors specializing in bone marrow transplants in Gurgaon.
Watching out for the symptoms
It is pertinent to note that patients suffering from Alpha thalassemia carrier and Alpha thalassemia trait experience very mild to no symptoms at all. As far as the symptoms of Haemoglobin H disease and Alpha thalassemia major, are concerned, these include:
Patients suffering from Haemoglobin H disease and Alpha thalassemia major tend to have an increased load of iron in their bodies, which can prove to be extremely dangerous for other vital organs, such as the heart and liver.
Understanding the underlying cause of Alpha thalassemia
Experts from the best hospital in Gurgaon suggest that Alpha Thalassemia is the result of a genetic change or mutation that drastically impacts the production of Alpha globin, leading to its deficiency in your body. Alpha Globins along with Beta Globins make up haemoglobin. If the production of any of these is hampered, it is likely to affect the production of haemoglobin as well. This is exactly what happens in the case of Alpha thalassemia.
To know more about the condition, you can consult the best doctors in Gurgaon today.